Authors: World Aquarium Singapore & Chewy Ltd
January 31, 2020
The introduction of this video was done by YouTuber World Aquarium Singapore for the purpose of this educational video. However, unlike the video that is on the World Aquarium Singapore channel where he discusses the issues of choosing ornamental Asian Arowanas and their care, this video gets into the knowledge about why these ornamentally raised fish by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora registered Asian Arowana farms in various different countries in Asia.
The Convention of International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora are involved in many different fish species. Aquarium hobbyists know about throughout the world from a variety of families that are bred in conventional fish farms without the issues of being a prohibited species and without a form of tracking unlike the Asian Arowana.
What some people may not realize is that these sanctioned farms in Asia go through strict security that have set guidelines that are over seen by this organization to assure that each of the fish are properly chipped (GPS tracking Chip) that is easily scanned and tracked as well as strict bio security unlike the fish farms in Florida and other parts of the United States. These farms also have to be licenced by CITES and each farm gets a special tracking chip just in case fish get stolen or released into the wild.
Asian arowanas are no different than any other endangered fish in the aquarium hobby each fish that is kept in low population will have some issue with human manipulation of genetics. So like guppies there are various different ornamental strains of this fish available to those countries that accept the registration of these farm raised animals.
The laws involving wild Asian Arowanas and other fish still are under the guidance of the laws determining these fish in the wild.
So why is it that the United States is not part of the acceptance of importing Asian Arowanas with the fish actually costing money for paper work to prove that the fish is farm raised as well as the fish easily being traced by a GPS chip. When this cost so much money it is very unlikely that some person would be ignorant enough to let them go when these fish in the Canadian Market place for example can average well over a $1000.00 and be traced back to its owner unlike the other fish that are invasive to several parts of the United States
Now a question would also be is the USA government and their representative aware of endangered fish?
Quite obviously yes as many other hobby organizations that really have no say in government policies have been involved in bringing in fish that are just as endangered that you see not only on Youtube but in Aquarium Hobby today.
In the description of the video there will be a link to the sanctioned farms and to legally breed Asian Arowanas the farm or breeder must be registered with C I T E S unlike most of the other fish that are endangered and bred in conventional fish farms
Since I was around 30 years old, I had always dreamed of going collecting tropical fish in South America and swore by my 50th birthday I would do this. Well I turn 50 in January of 2006 and on August 13, 2005 I went on the vacation of a lifetime! I always read articles in magazines and online, sit through speakers talking about their collecting trips and watch their slide shows. I was very intrigued by this and really wanted to go.
About 2 years ago Luis Morales came up to me and asked me if I would be interested in going collecting in Peru. He was at the beginning stages of putting the trip together and would email information on further details to me. A few months later he sent an email with all the prices and locations where we would collect. There was a tour on the first week of the trip to the Visit Cuzco, capital of the Inca Empire and principal city of the Spanish colonial era. The second week would be for collecting with another week to follow for collecting in different locations. I chose the first fish collecting week. According to the itinerary, we would board a boat on the Amazon at Iquitos & stop at various creeks, lakes, & streams along the way heading north or travel up the Amazon.
Well for the next 6 months I bugged Luis with emails monthly asking when I could send in my deposit. Finally, in January of 2005 it was due. I think I was the first deposit paid. I sent it into Margarita Tours, Inc., and so my quest began to collect Tropical Fish.
Luis had a website with a lot of helpful hints on preparing for the trip. Margarita Tours also had a website with a document center that gives you everything you need to know.
Preparing for the Expedition
The first thing I needed to do was to obtain was a passport. Next, I went to a travel medicine doctor for shots. It was great how prepared the doctors were. When I made the appointment, they asked where I was going. Even though I knew what I needed for my appointment they had a list of required medications printed out from websites. I received shots for yellow fever and tetanus and pills for malaria and typhoid fever. Hepatitis shots are also required but I already had all of them.
Next I started gathering things I needed on my lists. Dip nets are a must item and even though I could have borrowed them, I ordered online from the Sterling Company. Gathering everything took quite a while and I procrastinated until the last couple weeks for a few items such as boots, hats, long pants, shorts, batteries, flashlights, etc. I never realized how much stuff was needed until I had collected it all.
I was driven by my fiancée (now wife) Marianne (Fishwife’s Fishroom) for the 40-minute ride to Philadelphia airport. I checked my luggage through, and my flight departed Philadelphia at 7:30 p.m. for a 2.5-hour flight to Miami. After arriving in Miami, I had about an hour 45 minutes until my next flight at 12 midnight. I retrieved my luggage but did not notice that the automated catwalk was upstairs. I ended up walking the whole way carrying my entire luggage. It was about a mile walk! As I walked down the hallway there were signs saying 30 minutes from here, 22 minutes from here, etc. It wasn’t that bad of a walk and I arrived in plenty of time for my midnight flight. The flight from Miami left on time and took 5.5 hours to Lima, Peru. I tried to sleep but my anticipation to collect fish kept me awake most of the flight.
When the plane arrived around 5:30 a.m. we had to go through Customs. The line was really long and no one spoke English well. When I got to the counter they told me I needed to get another form to fill out. After this I was finally cleared through Customs. I then rushed to make my next flight that was scheduled to leave at 7:30 a.m. When I got up to the counter, they told me my flight to Iquitos was delayed and to wait off to the side with a woman while they searched for more info on it. I spoke to her and she told me she was going on a nature sightseeing tour from Iquitos.
The airline representative told us that the flight would be delayed until 1:00pm and that they would put us up in a hotel until 12:30 p.m. At this point I think my heart stopped beating and I wondered how I was going to make the first day of collecting since the boat was leaving at 10:30 a.m. I remembered that I brought the instructions from the website and found a number to call Margarita Tours in Peru. Of course, I got a voicemail and left the name of the hotel and when we would arrive in Iquitos.
The hotel was nice but again I could not sleep. I did however get a shower and freshen up. At 12:30 p.m. a taxi picked us up and brought us back to the airport. When we arrived at the counter again, they told us the flight was delayed due to engine trouble but would depart at 4:30 p.m. They gave both the woman and me calling cards, one local and one international. They also gave us vouchers for the food court in the airport. We found an internet café where, for about 2 bucks an hour, we could send emails and surf the web. Also, in the café there were phones where we could use the calling cards. I used the local card and called Margarita Tours and again got the voicemail. I told them our next tentative arrival time. Then I used the international card to call my fiancée back home in Pennsylvania. I expressed my nervousness to her in not knowing what to do if they weren’t there to meet me when my flight arrived in Iquitos.
Time went quickly, and our flight finally took off at 4:30 p.m. We arrived at 6:15 p.m. It was kind of weird getting off the plane and walking onto the tarmac. When I went inside to get my luggage, I noticed a guy with a sign with my name on it. Whew! I was relieved to see him! When we walked outside there was Devon (Owner of Margarita) & his driver. We loaded my luggage onto the VW bus and off we went through town.
The road was paved but covered with dust. Everyone drives very fast and pedestrians had no right of way. There were lots of small cars, motorcycles and 3 wheeled tricycles that were used as taxis. We passed many shacks, huts, tiny stores, & houses along the way. There were several trinket shops located in the center of the city. We stopped off at Devon’s apartment so he could run in and pick up a photo tank that he borrowed. He told me it was another few minutes ride to the water where we would get on a speed boat and head upriver to catch up with the tour boat.
I was amazed at how far the tour boat had already traveled. Devon told me it would take us 1.5 hours to catch up. I loaded myself and the luggage into a 25’ long and about 7’ wide speed boat equipped a 145 hp engine. Finally, here! I was on the Amazon in pitch black darkness with only the moon for light. Occasionally the driver’s son would shine a spotlight onto the water so we could avoid debris.
We arrived at the tour boat at 8:30 p.m.! I was greeted by John Luckshire, Jaap-Jan de Greef & son Willem, Marilyn Weitzman, Claudia Dickinson, Scott Jacobson, Dr. David Schleser, Warren van Varick, Luis Morales, along with 5 crew members. The boat was 75’ long and 20’ wide. It had upper and lower decks. There was a canopy covering the seating area and it had a Captains bunk. The lower level had 2 bathrooms with showers, a kitchen, bunk area and a dining room. I was told the bunk under John Luckshire’s bed was open and that I could have it. I unpacked and was called into the galley where they held dinner for Devon and me. My first meal was catfish (Delrado steaks) with rice and it was tasty. After dinner I went up to the deck to relax and drank an ice-cold beer. I was told that I missed a day of collecting but I could take anything I wanted from the community tank. I fished out a few apisto’s and Loricaria and went for another beer. It was great to sit out on the deck under the moonlight. It was a cool night and there were very few mosquitoes. Once I sprayed OFF on my arms and legs even, they went away. So, there I was finally at my destination, throwing back a few beers and relaxing on the Amazon.
I woke up early at 5:30 a.m. so I decided to take a shower. I quickly learned to take a shower in the evening. The water was ice cold and took my breath away. The water came from a storage tank that sits on the top of the boat. It warms during the day and really cools off at night.
We drove upriver to the Yanamona distillery. The man working there makes rum and molasses the old fashion way. He had a donkey attached to a pole and walked in a circle as he fed the sugar cane through a tube that squeezed all the juice out of it. Then he took the filled container and dumped it into a vat over a fire. The vapors went up a tube and into a bottle where the purest rum came out. He made 4 different brands of rum by adding molasses and other ingredients. I purchased 2 bottles of molasses from him.
Next we drove one hour up the Amazon and docked at the mouth of a small Cocha and stream. We grabbed our buckets and nets, walked down a path and came upon the village of Atun Cocha. Sezar spoke to the locals in Spanish and one of them took us down by the stream and showed us homemade boxes (3” high and 15” square) that were lined with plastic and filled with water. They contained lots of cories, catfish & tetras! Then we walked behind the village and followed a path that led to the Atun Cocha Lake. I was very cautious when we arrived at the lake and followed everyone’s lead into the water. About 3’ from shore one sank in the mud up to about 6” and sank to about 1’ of mud once you got near the water. This was difficult to get used to; especially not knowing what was going into your boots. I had hard soled dive boots on that worked out quite well. Hardly anything got inside of them for the whole trip and they dried out nicely too. Once past the mud, I saw a lot of water lettuce floating in front of me. I shoved my dip net under them and came up with some tetras and apisto’s! I moved on to a spot by myself where I found a sunken log in the water and a bank of leaves and sticks on the bottom. It was a lot easier to stand and I didn’t sink in the mud too much. When I lifted the log up I was able to catch a Raphael cat, 2 large ancistrus, 2 hoplo cats, and a Farlowella cat! Then I went closer to the shore and dug my dip net under the leaf litter and found Apisto heaven! Every time I pulled up my net I had a ton of Apistogramma cacatuoides. After collecting enough fish, I decided to take a few pictures, with my new digital camera, of everyone who was still collecting. Additionally, I took some great shots of butterflies and weird shaped trees. One tree looked like someone tied it in a knot. Then I got back in the water to help with seining. After 2 pulls we had enough fish! Along with the fish I mentioned previously, we also caught piranhas, tetras, hatchet fish, Leporinus, headstanders, knife fish, wood cats, pimelodus cats, Hoplosternum cats, Cichlasoma Amazonarum, Aequidens tetramerus, & green severums.
The catches were brought back to the boat. Everyone kept what they wanted and placed the extras in the community tank. Any unwanted fish were released back into the Amazon. We then ate lunch while the boat headed up to the village of Apayacu. After docking, the group got into the skiff boat and headed up the Apayacu creek which was about 20’ wide and 4’ or so deep. We went about a couple of hundred yards down the creek and dropped out of the boat into the water. We all grabbed hold of the seine and let the weighted end go to the bottom. The seine was dragged to shore where the mud was so deep that we all sunk past our knees! Again, it was scary not knowing what was in the water. We worked through it and after pulling up a couple of seines we caught tetras, characins, hatchet fish, wolf fish, gracillis, headstander, doridadae cats, pimelodid cats, hoplos, large Loricaria, ancistrus, freshwater puffers and drums. Devon and one of the guides, Segoundo, went down a semi-dried up stream to see if it was worth collecting. However, it was dried up and they found no fish. On their trek back to the boat Segoundo sunk up to his hips in the mud. Devon took full advantage of the situation by scooping up a pile of mud and dumping it onto Segoundo’s head. This turned into one big mud fight between the two of them! Once back at the main boat I kept the fish I wanted and placed unwanted ones in the community tank. Then I took a shower and a nap.
When darkness arrived after dinner, we got back into the skiff and headed up the Apayacu creek with our flashlights looking for caiman and other night creatures. I was surprised that my large flashlight that I bought at Home Depot was the brightest! As we crawled along on the creek, we would all shine our lights along the banks and trees hoping to catch a glimpse of something alive. The first thing we saw was a pair of red eyes looking back at us so headed for shore right at it. Segoundo was hanging off the front of the boat and reached out and grabbed it. It was a caiman, about 15”. The crew put it in a container so we could get some pics of it during daylight. Next, he saw an Owl but it flew away just as he crept up to grab it. A few feet away I noticed more red eyes shining from my light. Segoundo went and tackled the largest bull frog I had ever seen. The colors on him were incredible. I was glad to have brought my camera along. We saw many other exciting creatures such as spiders and birds but unfortunately, we could not get too close. We did however bring back a large moth & a tree frog to photograph.
The group went up a few creeks near the village of Yanayacu. The first creek was mostly dried up with only a few rivulus and apisto’s found. The next stream had a lot of characins, Apistogramma agassizii fry and small adults. While I was collecting in the stream, I heard Devon yell “Whoa!” He was about 20 feet from me I rushed out of the stream because he said he saw a large electric eel. He picked the 5’ eel with up a big stick and lifted it out of the water. Sezar went back to the boat for the seine on which they loaded the eel to carry it upstream. By the time we were ready to leave the eel had swam back down to the spot we caught him! We also collected Cichlasoma Amazonarum, knifefish and a few woodcats. We returned to the main boat and ate lunch while heading to Pevas. At the mouth of the Rio Apayacu there were quite a few freshwater bottlenose dolphins and I got a few pics of them.
Upon arrival at Pevas we visited one of the largest houses in the city. It belongs to artist Francisco Gripa who is also well known in the states. They told us that Sean Connery has over 30 of his paintings. Mr. Gripa was very hospitable and gave us beer and soda and invited us to stay the night in his house. We thanked him for his offer but decided to stay on the boat. As it was getting dark, we left his house and headed up to the center of town. There had to be at least 30 steps we had to climb to get to the center of the town and groups of children followed us everywhere, running up to touch us then running away. After the walk we went back to the boat for dinner. We were joined by 2 female exchange students from England who were both interning to be doctors at the clinic in Pevas.
Following dinner we went, accompanied by the 2 internists, for a walk through the rainforest. We followed a path through the forest. It was very muggy and there was a light mist to the air. The first thing we found was a large brown tree frog attached to the side of as toilet. The toilet was not in use thankfully but set up like an ornament. We went up a hill and passed a bunch of small toads that were all over the grass. Next, we came upon a horn toad. It was really neat looking, and we took several pictures of it. Walking back, we took quite a few pictures of weird bugs, spiders, flowers, etc. It was a long hike up and down the hills and I was ready to go to bed when we got back.
We got up and walked behind Pevas to 3 small streams. There were only a few tetras, Loricaria, ancistrus, & the largest Apistogramma Pevas male I had ever seen. He was found in the first stream we came upon. The second stream held only a few fish and the third was clearest blackwater stream seen on the trip. It also was the emptiest as far as fish were concerned. We found about 5 Apistogramma pevas and not much else. Since I was feeling sick to my stomach all morning I decided to head back to the boat. Warren gave me some Pepto Bismal tablets and I decided to take a nap. The nap lasted until the next morning! While I slept some of the guys went seining at shores of the Rio Ampiyacu. They caught some chocolate cichlids, sting rays, a few apisto’s and a beautiful pair of 6” pike cichlids.
It rained hard from 3:00 a.m. to 6: a.m.! A few beds got wet and one of the crew gave up his bed for Marilyn since her mattress got wet. We drove downstream for 4 hours and pulled over to the shoreline. We all got into the skiff and stopped on the Amazon at the mouth of a small stream. Devon walked up along the banks while we setup the seine in front of the stream’s mouth where it empties into the Amazon. About 100’ upstream Devon picked up a large stick and entered the stream. He proceeded to bang the stick in the water while walking toward us. This frightened any fish right into the seine. We only found a few tetras and catfish. Next, we drove 100 yards downstream to a bunch of reeds growing out of the water. The area of reeds was approximately 15’x20’. We all got out and, while some people surrounded the reeds with the seine, the rest were on shore pulling all the reeds out one by one. We found quite a few tree frogs on the reeds. The reed removal took a little bit of work but was well worth it! We found 12” Farlowella cats, pimelodus cats, Raphael cats, ancistrus, tetras and wolf fish. The second pull of the seine brought up the big cats: a RedTail that was 2’ long and another 15” catfish. We stopped seining, got back in the skiff and headed back to the main boat. Warren held the two catfish in his arms while we took some great pics of them!
We drove down the Amazon for the next four hours. Along the way we saw a large red snake swimming in the water. It went under the boat and when it came up on the other side, Segoundo reached down and grabbed it out of the water. I can’t remember the species of snake, but it was about 6’ and red in color. Devon placed it in a pillow case so we could place it on dry land and take pictures. We arrived at the village of Aisana and Devon laid the snake in the grass. I was amazed that it curled up and stayed still for everyone to get some pictures.
After this we were met by Dave’s friend Adriano. He led us to a couple of creeks. The first one had nothing in it. The second one had the usual wolf fish plus some tetras, Leporinus, Brochis splendens, hoplo cats, porthole cats, Hopostomus, Apistogramma cacatuoides, angel fish, festivums, chocolate cichlids, & Apistogramma eunotus. Nice findings at our last collection station. I walked back before everyone else as I wanted to take some pictures of the setting sun. These were some of the best sunset pictures I have ever taken. I went back to the boat, ate dinner and relaxed on the deck before turning in for the night. My last night on the Amazon!
submitted by Chewy LTD
Collaborated with Dan Hodnett
Nov. 7, 2019
Due to the fact that Canadians can not keep Native Fish except for certain Bait Fish species under the bait fish of the Ontario Fishing licence where they are able to keep only native species to that region (no other province). It is one of my projects to help educate Canadians about Native species that are either prohibited (due to some are thought to be invasive) or due to our law in Canada where we are not allowed to keep any native fish except under permit that can survive in our water ways. I do believe that the Channa (Snakehead) prohibition is being also disputed especially the species that are from India and Africa that Chris Biggs has spoken about on a live on his channel. So far no real word has been put out but it is actually contested due to the fact that none of those fish could survive most of Canada’s winters. I am waiting to hear from Chris Biggs as to my question about why some of the Native Species are not on the CARES list that are endangered that there are fish in the hobby that are kept by people in North American Native Fish Association . It is an interesting question to say the least as those fish could be kept outside in fish ponds. Perhaps it may have to do with the US Fish And Wildlife however various different endangered Pupfish are on The CARES Preservation Program list. that are threatened in their waterways.
Your Native Land and its water ways represent the natural evolution of how the planet developed over several years that are too high to count. This duration of time allowed both fauna and flora species to evolve and to open up another topic for the SLC Aquatics Newsletter. I decided to put together this article dealing with some of the piscine species that are natural species to the area of Canada as a whole, although some native fish may be introduced to other waters in Canada by the federal or provincial government. Very few people can legally keep Canadian species except for those in Ontario under the Bait fish licence of that province. None of the other provinces are allowed to keep any native species unless they have special permits that may be guided from province to province. This is the Bait Fish that those who want to keep Native fish in Ontario. However they must have a registered fishing licence with the province of Ontario.
In saying that, the other provinces have got their laws involved in the species in which the angler has to abide by catch limits and the species that they are allowed to catch and take home and eat for human consumption. So in a presentation, I decided to educate the YouTube @Fishfam. I looked at certain extant, endangered and extinct species to inform the viewing audience about some of the fish that inhabit some of the waterways in Canada. The presentation also includes original music to best describe the land of Canada for the listening audience. The presentation is in memory of Gord Downie, (RIP) the lead singer of the Tragically Hip.
It is not surprising that some of the species that inhabit the Canadian Waterways have other population points in the United States. So lets take a look at the species of fish that are presented here.
1. First off the Arctic Grayling (Thymallus arcticus) that inhabits the waterways of northern B.C. from the Peace and Stikine rivers north and in the south in the flathead river. The general habitat is the clear waters of large, cold rivers, rocky creeks and lakes. A very beautiful fish and is commonly consumed by the northern BC population of fishermen and those that visit Northen B.C on Fishing Trips.
2. The Bowfin (Amia calva) are demersal freshwater piscivores native to North America, and commonly found throughout much of the eastern United States, and in southern Ontario and Quebec.
3. The brook stickleback (Culaea inconstans) is a small freshwater fish that is distributed across the US and Canada. It grows to a length of about 2 inches. It occupies the northern part of the eastern United States, as well as the southern half of Canada.
4. Brook Trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) is native to Eastern North America in the United States and Canada, but has been introduced elsewhere in North America, to Iceland, Europe, and Asia.
5. The smallmouth bass (Micropterus dolomieu) is a species of freshwater fish in the sunfish family (Centrarchidae) of the order Perciformes. It is the type species of its genus. One of the black basses, it is a popular game fish sought by anglers throughout the temperate zones of North America, and has been spread by stocking as well as illegal introduction to many cool-water tributaries and lakes in Canada and more so introduced in the United States. The maximum recorded size is approximately 27 inches and 12 pounds. The smallmouth bass is native to the upper and middle Mississippi River basin, the Saint Lawrence River and Great Lakes system, and up into the Hudson Bay basin. Its common names include smallmouth, bronzeback, brown bass, brownie, smallie, bronze bass, and bareback bass.
6. The bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus) is found in the cold, clear waters of the high mountains and coastal rivers of northwestern North America, including Yukon, British Columbia, Washington, Oregon, Idaho, and western Montana, as well as the Jarbidge River of northern Nevada. A population of bull trout exists east of the Continental Divide in Alberta, where it is the provincial fish. The historical range of bull trout also included northern California, but they are likely extirpated.
7. Channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) are native to the Nearctic, being well distributed in lower Canada and the eastern and northern United States, as well as parts of northern Mexico.
8. The common carp or European carp (Cyprinus carpio) is a widespread freshwater fish of eutrophic waters in lakes and large rivers in Europe and Asia. The native wild populations are considered vulnerable to extinction by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Information about the Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio), a warm-water fish introduced to Ontario by the government. The species is not a natural species to Canadian waters but was introduced into the the Great Lakes region from the upper St. Lawrence River to Lake Superior. At the time that this article was written a debate about Exotic Species and what to do with them has been discussed through many YouTube Channels and many of the Exotics in various different places have been introduced for the fisherman for Human consumption.
9. The flathead catfish (Pylodictis olivaris) also called by several common names including mudcat or shovelhead cat, is a large species of North American freshwater catfish in the family Ictaluridae. It is the only species of the genus Pylodictis. Ranging from the lower Great Lakes region to northern Mexico. It has been widely introduced and is an invasive species in some areas. The closest living relative of the flathead catfish is the much smaller widemouth blindcat, Satan eurystomus.
10. The green sunfish (Lepomis cyanellus) is a species of freshwater fish in the sunfish family (Centrarchidae) of order Perciformes. A panfish popular with anglers, the green sunfish is also kept as an aquarium fish by hobbyist. The green sunfish is native to a wide area of North America east of the Rocky Mountains, from the Hudson Bay basin in Canada, to the Gulf Coast in the United States, and northern Mexico.
11. The lake chub (Couesius plumbeus) is a freshwater cyprinid fish found in Canada and in parts of the United States. Of all North American minnows, it is the one with the northernmost distribution. Its genus, Couesius is considered monotypic today. The genus was named after Dr. Elliott Coues, who collected the holotype specimen.
12. Largemouth Bass Micropterus salmoides are native to North America, and its native range was generally restricted to the fresh waters of eastern-central North America including the lower Great Lakes. Largemouth Bass is a freshwater fish that has currently, a distribution similar to the smallmouth bass in Canada, although it is not found in New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, or Prince Edward Island and probably not in Newfoundland. It is probably best known in the Kawartha and Rideau Lakes in Ontario. In B.C., Largemouth Bass are found in the Columbia River system including, Vaseaux, Osoyoos, Christina and Kootenay lakes.
14. The Longnose Gar (Lepisosteus osseus) is found in the St. Lawrence River, along the eastern seaboard, Quebec and all the Great Lakes except Superior. They prefer slow moving water in large rivers, lakes and streams. They are found in both freshwater and saltwater .
15. Muskellunge (Esox masquinongy) a cool-water fish native to Ontario. The species are found from the St. Lawrence River and the Great Lakes basin, north to Lake Nipissing and west to Lake of the Woods.
18. The rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) is native only to the rivers and lakes of North America, west of the Rocky Mountains, but its value as a hard-fighting game fish and tasty meal has led to its introduction throughout the world.
19. The smallmouth bass (Micropterus dolomieu) is a species of freshwater fish in the sunfish family (Centrarchidae) of the order Perciformes. It is the type species of its genus. One of the black basses, it is a popular game fish sought by anglers throughout the temperate zones of North America, and has been spread by stocking as well as illegal introduction to many cool-water tributaries and lakes in Canada and more so introduced in the United States. The maximum recorded size is approximately 27 inches and 12 pounds. The smallmouth bass is native to the upper and middle Mississippi River basin, the Saint Lawrence Riverâ; Great Lakes system, and up into the Hudson Bay basin. Its common names include smallmouth, bronzeback, brown bass, brownie, smallie, bronze bass, and bareback bass.
20. The spotted gar (Lepisosteus oculatus) is native to North America and its current range is from southern Ontario to the west from the Nueces River in Texas east to the northern coast of the Gulf of Mexico and southeast to the lower Apalachicola River in Florida. The gar population is small in the north and is being threatened in Lake Erie by the destruction of their habitat and pollution. The gar is more common in the southern waters like the Mississippi River basin from southern Minnesota to Alabama and western Florida. Historical records indicate the spotted gar resided in the Thames and Sydenham Rivers in Ontario, Canada. Also, the fish was once common in Illinois in the Green and Illinois Rivers to the swamps in Union County; though sporadic, the population has dwindled in these water systems because of the loss of specific habitat they need to live, clear pools with aquatic vegetation.
21. The fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas) is a species of temperate freshwater fish belonging to the genus Pimephales of the cyprinid family. The natural geographic range extends throughout much of North America, from central Canada south along the Rockies to Texas, and east to Virginia and the Northeastern United States. This minnow has also been introduced to many other areas via bait bucket releases. Its golden, or xanthic, strain, known as the rosy-red minnow, is a very common feeder fish sold in the United States and Canada. This fish is best known for producing Schreckstoff (a distress signal).
22. The walleye (Sander vitreus, synonym Stizostedion vitreum) also called the yellow pike, is a freshwater perciform fish native to most of Canada and to the Northern United States. It is a North American close relative of the European zander, also known as the pikeperch. The walleye is sometimes called the yellow walleye to distinguish it from the blue walleye, which is a subspecies that was once found in the southern Ontario and Quebec regions. It is now presumed extinct.
24. Yellow perch (Perca flavescens) are North America’s most popular freshwater fish, having been commercially harvested for more than a century. Weighing up to a pound (450 g), they live in large schools in the shallow waters of the Great Lakes. Lake Erie, being the shallowest of the Great Lakes, has the most productive commercial fishery for yellow perch.
25. The banded killifish (Fundulus diaphanus) is a North American species of temperate freshwater killifish belonging to the genus Fundulus of the family Fundulidae. Its natural geographic range extends from Newfoundland to South Carolina, and west to Minnesota, including the Great Lakes drainages. This species is the only freshwater killifish found in the northeastern United States. While it is primarily a freshwater species, it can occasionally be found in brackish water. The Newfoundland population is considered a threatened population. The Banded Killifish can not be kept by any Canadian as it is not legal to keep or transport the species from its habitat. I inquired with American Killifish Association member Dan Hodnett as to whether any of this population would be available for foreign aquarist to maintain as under many situations according to the C.A.R.E.S Preservation Program. Due to it having its own population genetics, it would be interesting to find out if this particular race of the species is available in the Aquarium hobby to try to ensure it’s survival. To listen to Dan’s answers check his life stream where the topic came up. Livestream #96
26. White Sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus) In 2003, the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) identified six Nationally Significant Populations (NSPs) of White Sturgeon in Canada: Lower Fraser River, Middle Fraser River, Nechako River, Upper Fraser River, Upper Columbia River, and Kootenay River. The first two of these NSPs were declined for listing and the latter four were listed as Endangered under the Species at Risk Act (SARA) in August 2006. A final Recovery Strategy addressing the four listed NSPs was published in 2014.
27. The Banff longnose dace (Rhinichthys cataractae smithi) was a diminutive (about five cm. long) version of the eastern longnose dace. Its range restricted to a small marsh fed by two hot springs on Sulphur Mountain in Banff, a National Park in Banff, Alberta.
Since most Canadians can not keep native species in Canada and many of the species inhabit the United States where the The North American Native Fishes Association is operated out of the United States. There are many different channels that touch the subjects of collecting Native Fish such as this recent video done by titled NATIVE FISH COLLECTING IN THE SWAMP! – W/ (AQUA FUNK AQUATICS) would be interesting for any one of the #FishFam that are interested in Native American Fish from Florida https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1g6KZls9vIw Another excellent live stream to check out to deal with the topic of collecting Native Fish is done by Wild Fish Tanks with the topic DOs and DONTs of Collecting Wild Fish For Aquarium with Q&A https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f8nlaElTyNk&t=851s
To close this off: What questions would you ask? Does the country that you live in allow you as a hobbyist to keep Native Fish found in Your Native Land?
Due to the fact that Canadians can not keep Native Fish, except for certain Bait Fish species, under the bait fish of the Ontario Fishing licence, where they are able to keep only native species to that region (no other province). It is one of my projects to help educate Canadians about Native species that are either prohibited (due to some are thought to be invasive) or due to our law in Canada where we are not allowed to keep any native fish except under permit that can survive in our water ways. I do believe that the Channa (Snakehead) prohibition is being also disputed. The species that are from India and Africa that Chris Biggs has spoken about on his channel. So far no real word has been put out but it is actually contested due to the fact that none of those fish could survive in most of Canada’s winters. I am waiting to hear from Chris Biggs in response to my question about, why some of the Native Species are not on the CARES list, that are endangered that there are fish in the hobby that are kept by people in North American Native Fish Association. It is an interesting question to say the leas, as those fish could be kept outside in fish ponds. Perhaps it may have to do with the US Fish And Wildlife. Various different endangered Pupfish are on The CARES Preservation Program list that are threatened in their waterways.
submitted by Rockford Fish Keeping
January 1, 2020
With the high demand we aquarists put on electric we must be mindful of how much we have pumps filters heaters and lights all have 1 things in common Amps (the draw of power) the more things you have plugged in the more power you draw electrical plugs are fed by the “power” box and are grouped into fuses or breakers along with lights and are normally 15 Amp. meaning you can only plug so many say heaters into a outlet before you trip it. everything you have pluged into a outlet will add to its Amp load for 1 or 2 tanks this is no problem, but when your getting into fish rooms this will become a problem and a new breaker and outlets will have to be used but you only have so much power to work with, that of your main Service type you cant get 200 GPH out of a 100 GPH pump nor can you run 200 amps with 100 amp service
Determining your Electrical system
Types of Service
– – 30 Amp Fuse Panel used up to 1950 120 Volt ONLY – MUST REPLACE
– – 60 amp Fuse Panel Used 1950 to 1965 240 Volt SHOULD REPLACE
– – Circuit Breaker Panel Used Started in 1960’s 240 Volt
Types: 60 Amp,100 Amp,125 Amp,150 Amp,200 Amp and up
Ways to tell what service you have
– Check Main Breaker (its the double pole switch) whatever amp the breaker is, is your service
– Gauge of wire coming into Circuit Box:
6 gauge for 60 Amp 4 gauge for 100 Amp 2 gauge for 125 Amp 1 gauge for 150 Amp and 2/0 Gauge for 200 Amp
– Electric Meter:
Glass Dome mounted on Round Base – 60 Amp
Meter located behind glass opening in metal box – 60 Amp
Glass Dome mounted on Square Box – 100 Amp
Glass Dome mounted on Rectangle Box – 150 Amp and up
– Conduit Diameter leading to the Breaker box
(unreliable- Conduit might be larger then service provided)
1 inch – 60 Amp
1 1/4 inch – 100 Amp
1 1/2 inch – 125 Amp
1 3/4 inch – 150 Amp
2 inch – 200 Amp
Privacy & Cookies Policy
Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. These cookies do not store any personal information.
Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website.